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Tuesday, July 25, 2017

Problem of the Week 7/25/17 Math inspired Alphametic [puzzle]

Check out this Mathematics inspired Alphametic Problem of the Week
Be sure to let us know how you solved it in the comments below or on social media!

The two basic rules for solving alphametics are as follows:
Each letter must be represented by a different digit. If the letter is used more than once, it must be represented by the same digit.
Once you substitute digits for all your letters, you must end up with an accurate addition problem.

Solution below.

Friday, July 21, 2017

Episode 6: Area of a Circle [#MathChops]

This problem of determining the area of a circle, or better defined as the area inside of a circle, was a huge dilemma in the field of mathematics. It was not until the mid 200's BC when Archimedes began to anticipate modern calculus and analysis though concepts of infinitesimals and exhaustion, which he used to solve this major challenge of finding the area of a circle.

Archimedes' method of finding the area is described as "squaring the circle", which is trying to find the square that has the same enclosed area as a circle of a given radius. Using this and also using a method where he approximated the area of a circle with other, known shapes such as squares and hexagons, Archimedes was able to determine the area inside of a circle. Take a look at the proof to see how Archimedes came up with the formula we know today:

Thursday, July 20, 2017

Advanced Knowledge Problem of the Week: Game of Thrones Committee [Combinatorics]

Be sure to let us know how you solved this in the comments below or on social media!

Solution below.

Tuesday, July 18, 2017

Problem of the week 7/18/17 [geometry]

Check out this Problem of the week about Geometry and triangles within a circle. If you're interested in learning more about how you draw circles and what it says about your cultural background, read this article: 

How do you draw a circle? We analyzed 100,000 drawings to show how culture shapes our instincts

Be sure to let us know how you solved it in the comments below or on social media!

Solution below.

Friday, July 14, 2017

Episode 5: Königsberg Bridge Problem (Seven Bridges) [#MathChops]

The advent of graph theory, from the mind of Leonhard Euler, came from a long-standing problem for the people of Königsberg. The problem was that no couple had a long and happy marriage, if they were married in Königsberg. As tradition dictated, a newlywed couple had one chance to travel across Königsberg’s four land masses using each of the seven bridges once and only once. If the two lovers could complete this seemingly simple task, their marriage would be long and happy. Years went by and nobody could complete to task, until Euler constructed a mathematical object that broke the curse of Königsberg… a graph!

Watch the proof proposed by Euler below to learn how mathematical abstraction created a whole new field of math, which is now regarded as an important predecessor to topology. Euler’s invention itself is remarkable, but the implications to mathematical philosophy reveals something very deep in the heart of mathematics. Namely, the art of abstraction to gain a better understanding of certain truths inherent in life’s situations.

The Königsberg Bridge Problem, and its solving: